what is autism

autism is a neuro genetic pervasive development condition


What is autism ?

Autistic spectrum condition is a neuro-Genetic pervasive development disorder interacting with external environmental conditions meaning (the brain did not develop in the neuro typical way during the gestation period) which in turn affects their sensory receptors.

Autism is a life long disability.

Autism affects how a person makes sense of the world, processes information and relates to other people, bringing forth impairments in socialising and sensory issues.

Autism is not a learning disability but some people may have a dual diagnosis of Autism and a learning disability, neither is it a mental illness, but similarly some people may have a dual diagnosis of Autism and mental health problems such as anxiety or depression.

People with Autism tend to have a slightly larger brains, believed to be genetic but as yet the gene has not been identified.

This does not mean that a person with Autism will always give birth to a child with Autism but it is likely to be somewhere in the families genealogy.

Autism is a lifelong developmental ‘hidden’ disability that affects the way a person communicates with, and relates to people and the world around them.  People with autism spectrum have a wide spectrum of needs and no two people are the same. There are key areas of difficulty that all people with autism are likely to experience. These are:   

  Social communication and interaction – difficulties understanding and using verbal and non- verbal language, such as gestures and tone of voice.  

  Restricted, repetitive patterns of behaviour, interests or activities.  

  Social interaction – difficulties recognising and understanding other people’s feelings and  managing their own.  

  Social imagination – difficulties in understanding and predicting other people’s intentions and behaviour, and adapting to new or unfamiliar situations.  

  Sensory sensitivities and interests, such as hypo- and hyper-sensitivities to smell, touch, sound, textures and visual patterns, may be marked or subtle.  In addition, many children and young people with autism find processing information difficult and can be over-sensitive or under-sensitive to particular things such as smells, tastes, colour, sounds or touch. Situations that involve exposure to certain sensory stimuli can be extremely stressful for some individuals with autism, for example, crowded and noisy places or bright lights. Further, there is a small group of children and young people who may exhibit motor difficulties. 

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